A newborn can get a Brachial Plexus injury from a problem during the birth. This includes: Breech presentation, prolonged labor, or from the baby being stuck behind the mother’s pelvic bones. If the infant’s shouldlers get wedged between the Birth Canal, the force to get the baby free and born can also damage the nerves in the Brachial Plexus. Most often, the upper nerves are injured. This is called Erb’sPalsy . Total Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy is when the upper amd lower nerves are damaged.
Also, if the Brachial Plexus injury does not occur during birth, it may still occur when the child is an infant or is still young. According to Wikipedia, “The Brachial Plexus may be injured by falls from a height to the side of the head and shoulder, whereby the nerves of the Plexus are violently stretched…The Brachial Plexus may also be injured by direct violence or gunshot wounds, by violent traction on the arm, or by efforts reducting a dislocation of the shoulder.”
RISK FACTORS FOR CHILDREN:
1. Rough Playing
2. Sports Injuries
3. Someone pulling on the child’s arm or shoulder to hard
4. Over-strenuous exercise for age, including weight lifting